Agriculture (Organic Farming)
Organic farming is an alternative agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices. Organic farming continues to be developed by various organic agriculture organizations today. It relies on fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure, green manure and bone meal and places emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting. Biological pest control, mixed cropping and the fostering of insect predators are encouraged. In general , organic standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while prohibiting or strictly limiting synthetic substances. For instance, naturally occurring pesticides such as pyrethrin and rotenone are permitted, while synthetic fertilizers and pesticides are generally prohibited. An integrated farming system that strives for sustainability. The enhancement of soil fertility and biological diversity whilst, with rare exceptions, prohibiting synthetic fertilizers, genetically modified organisms and growth harmones.
The introduction of chemicals in farming got many delirious at the sight of what they could accomplish. Yields exploded. At the start, the soil was healthy. Any damage brought about by chemical fertilizers was hardly noticeable. Pests had not developed resistance to the chemicals. The technology spread across the world as it was considered the revolution in agriculture. Flash forward to today and many people are marveling at organic farming again. This is after learning that conventional farming methods come with a host of problems including health related disease like cancer, pollution, degradation of soil and water and impact on domestic animals.
Organic farming is a technique which involves cultivation of plants and rearing of animals in natural ways. This process involves the use of biological materials, avoiding synthetic substances to maintain soil fertility and ecological balance thereby minimizing pollution and wastage. In other words, Organic farming is a farming method that involves growing and naturing crops without the use of synthetic based fertilizers and pesticides. Also no genetically modified organisms are prohibited.
Natural organic Pesticides and Fertilizers
- Jeeva amruth
- Vermi wash
- Gomutra pest control
- Gana jeeva amruth
- Samadhi kath
- Singh kath
- Agni astra
- Direct gomutra spray
- Dasha parani
- Vermi compost
- S9 culture
It relies on ecologically balanced agriculture principles like crop rotation, green manure, organic waste, biological pest control, mineral and rock additives. Organic farming make use of pesticides and fertilizers if they are considered natural and avoids the use of various petrochemical fertilizers and pesticides.
Panchagavya plays a very impotant role in organic farming.
Panchagavya is an organic product having the potential to play the role of promoting growth and providing immunity in plant system. Panchagavya consists of nine products viz.. cow dung, cow urine, milk, curd, ghee, jiggery, banana, tender coconut and water, when suitably mixed and used, these have miraculous effects.